• India’s independence from British rule was declared in 1947, after a long struggle for freedom.
• The country was divided into two parts: India and Pakistan, with millions of people displaced due to the Partition.
• The Indian Constitution, adopted in 1950, established a democratic republic based on fundamental rights and the rule of law.
India’s Struggle for Independence
India had been under British rule since 1858 and endured many struggles to reclaim its independence. After a long and arduous struggle for freedom, it finally gained independence in 1947.
Partition of India
The Partition of India marked the end of colonial rule by dividing the country into two separate nations: India and Pakistan. As a result of this division, millions of people were displaced and had to leave their homes behind.
Adoption of the Indian Constitution
In 1950, the Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution which established a democratic republic based on fundamental rights and justice for all citizens. It laid down a set of principles that would guide the country’s governance going forward.
Fundamental Rights & Duties
The Constitution provides every citizen with certain Fundamental Rights such as equality before law, freedom of expression etc., as well as certain Fundamental Duties towards one’s nation such as protecting its sovereignty & integrity etc.. These ensure that all citizens are treated equally under the law while also promoting national unity among them through collective responsibility for their nation’s welfare.
Importance Of Constitutional Values
The Indian Constitution is based on values such as liberty, fraternity, equality and justice that are essential for building a strong nation-state which can provide its citizens with equal opportunities as well as protection against discrimination or injustice. These values help promote social cohesion within society by ensuring that everyone is treated fairly regardless of their religion or social status.